Africa is a large and diverse continent that is organised under a continental body, the AU, and various regional economic communities (RECs). For several decades, African states have realised that the effective implementation of human rights implementation requires the development of common plans with adequate room for specific contexts at the national, regional and continental levels.

African states, under the aegis of the Organisation of African Unity and later the African Union have taken steps over the last two decades to organise effective implementation of the human and peoples’ rights enshrined in the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights.

This current process to develop an African Human Rights Action and Implementation Plan 2017-26 aims to complete a long process of strategic planning at various levels and within institutions to ensure a comprehensive and coherent action by all key stakeholders.

OAU/AU action plans

  • Grand Bay Declaration & Plan of Action, 1999
  • Kigali Declaration, 2003
  • 2011 Human Rights Strategy for Africa 2012-2016
  • Agenda 2063
  • First 10 Year Implementation Plan for Agenda 2063
  • AU Assembly Declaration for the African Human Rights Decade, Kigali, July 2016
  • AU Assembly Declaration on Gender, Kigali, July 2016
  • Africa’s Agenda for Children 2040 (draft)


Regional action plans

  • EACJ Strategic Plan

National action plans

  • Kenya National Action Plan, 2014
  • South Africa Action Plan

AU human rights organs plans

  • Strategic Plan of the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights, 2016-2020
  • Strategic Plan & Implementation Matrix of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, 2015-2019
  • Strategic Plan of the African Committee of , 2015-2019
  • Strategic Plan of the African Union Commission, 2014-2017
  • Strategic Plan of the African Union Advisory Board on Corruption
  • NEPAD Strategic Plan, 2014-2017
  • African Governance Architecture (AGA) Framework
  • Pan African Parliament Strategic Plan


Relevant regional integration action plans

  • Abuja Treaty Establishing the African Economic Community (AEC), 1991
  • Minimum Integration Programme 2009-2012


Other international action plans

  • Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, 1993
  • Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, 1995